Tests of Seed Skin Breakdown And Media Treatment On Pumpkin (Cucurbita Maschata) Seed Germination

  • Sri Hidayati Faculty of Agriculture, Merdeka University Surabaya
  • Sri Purwanti Faculty of Agriculture, Merdeka University Surabaya
  • Yeni Ika Pratiwi Faculty of Agriculture, Merdeka University Surabaya

Abstract

The objectives of the research are (1) to test various treatments of seed skin breakdown and type of media on pumpkin germination (2) to test various treatments of seed skin splitting on pumpkin germination, (3) to test various types of media treatment for pumpkin germination. This research was carried out in the Experimental Garden of the Faculty of Agriculture Merdeka University of Surabaya in Karah Kecarnatan Jambangan Village, Surabaya Municipality with an altitude of ± 5 (1ima) meters above sea level.Experiments were arranged factorially in a Randomized Block Design (RBD), consisting of two factors: Treatment of seed skin breakdown with 2 levels of treatment and treatment of media types with 4 levels of treatment. Each treatment combination was repeated three times and each treatment combination consisted of 20 pumpkin . The first factor is the treatment of seed skin breakdown consisting of P0: without breaking the seed skin and P1: breaking the seed skin. While the second factor is media type treatment consisting of M1: Merang paper; M2: Garden Land; M3: Sand and M4: Fertilizer Cage. Observations carried out consisted of germination rate, germination percentage, plumula length and radicle length. Based on the results of the study and discussion, the following conclusions can be drawn: Overall the combination treatment of seed skin breakage and type of media on gourd  germination has not given a real interaction effect, except for the significant growth of radicle length. the seed has no significant effect on the length of the radicle and the length of the pumpkin plumula, a very significant effect on the germination rate, and on the percentage of germination significantly. In the treatment of the type of media it has a very real effect on all observation parameters. The combination of the treatment of seed skin cracking and paper planting media (P1M1) gave the highest yield on the average length of radicles, germination on the paper medium (M1) gave the longest length of radicle, the fastest germination rate, and the highest germination percentage obtained on the skin stripping treatment ( P1).

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Published
2019-03-30
How to Cite
HIDAYATI, Sri; PURWANTI, Sri; PRATIWI, Yeni Ika. Tests of Seed Skin Breakdown And Media Treatment On Pumpkin (Cucurbita Maschata) Seed Germination. AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 80-89, mar. 2019. ISSN 2597-8713. Available at: <http://agriscience.scientific-work.org/index.php/agriscience/article/view/35>. Date accessed: 26 may 2019.
Section
Articles