The Effect Of Sawdust And Chaff Media Storage OnCocoa (Theobroma Cacao L.) Seeds Viability
Abstract: The objective of the research is to determine the effect of sawdust and chaff media storage on viability
of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) seeds. Cocoa seeds’ viability need to be maintained during
storage/shipment to planting destination. The research uses simple group randomized design (RAK)consisting of five (5) treatment with three (3)replicates. Assignment of treatment is carried out in
randomized trial plots. The varieties tested is F1 hybrid varieties obtained from Indonesia Coffee and
Cocoa Research Center. The parameters observed included percentage (amount) of germination, rate of
germination, and gross weight of sprouts. The result indicates shows that media storage treatment using
sawdust and chaff provides significant effect on the percentage (number) of seeds germinate, sprout and
speed or rate of gross weight of cocoa seed sprouts. In addition, control treatment (storage without chaff
or sawdust) resulted in the highest percentage (number) of germinated seed, while the highest germination
rate and gross weight of sprouts is indicated by treatment of storage with chaff of 100% although not
significantly different statistically with 50% chaff.
Keywords: Cocoa Seed, sawdust and chaff, , RAK.